research articles on cadmium toxicity in animals

Cadmium (Cd) is a toxic non-essential transition metal that poses a health risk for both humans and animals. Cadmium is also associated with hypercalciuria and nephrolithiasis. Exposure to cadmium primarily occurs through the ingestion of contaminated food and water and, to a significant extent, through inhalation and cigarette smoking. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal: Vol. Among the heavy metals, it is considered most serious metal contaminant since the occurrence of Itai- Itai disease in Japan [1]It is a non-essential highly toxic heavy metal having half-life of ten to thirty years [2]Cadmium is toxic at , very low exposure levels in lead and cadmium toxicity and its ameliora tion, ” Ve t e r i n a r y Medicine I nternational , vol. Nephrotoxic effects of cadmium exposure are well established in humans and experimental animals. The toxicity of dissolved cadmium to a variety of marine animals has been found to be related to salinity, with decreased toxicity observed at higher salinities. Despite such results of various cadmium toxicities in animal studies, data from human studies are lacking and insufficient to support the cause-effect relationship. The static renewal test method of acute lethal concentrations determination was … Musculoskeletal toxicity Materials and methods Animals 2, pp. heart of cadmium exposed animals [24]. Pulmonary toxicity. Cadmium, represented with symbol Cd, is a heavy metal with a high toxicity. 23, No. It is naturally occurring in the environment as a pollutant that is derived from agricultural and industrial sources. Cadmium is a heavy metal of considerable toxicity with destructive impact on most organ systems. This study aimed to analyse the protective effects of quercetin on the toxicity of cadmium (Cd) using metabonomics techniques. 350-363. [11] A. Cuypers, M. Plusq uin, T . An early manifestation of such toxicity is calciuria a few hours after injection of CdMT in rats. Cadmium, chromium, and lead accumulation in aquatic plants and animals near a municipal landfill. 2011, Article ID 457327 , 2011. The research is not clear on whether chronic cadmium inhalation causes pulmonary toxicity. As per the recommendation of the National Research Council of the United States (1980) the Cd content of forage crops should not be more than 0.5/zg g-~ in order to limit the concentration of Cd in the liver and kidney of animals feeding on these crops to protect humans against cadmium toxicity through concentration of these organs. It is, however, agreed upon that exposure causes lung cancer. Acute toxicity testing were carried out the freshwater swamp shrimp, Macrobrachium nipponense, as the model animal for the semiconductor applied metals (gallium, antimony, indium, cadmium, and copper) to evaluate if the species is an suitable experimental animal of pollution in aquatic ecosystem. It is widely distributed in humans, the chief sources of contamination being cigarette smoke, welding, and contaminated food and beverages. However, no attention has been paid so far to explore its renoprotective activity in animals and human beings, therefore the present paper reports protective effect of Spirulina platensis on cadmium induced renal toxicity in Wistar rats. (2017). Humans, the chief sources of contamination being cigarette smoke, welding, contaminated... Chief sources of contamination being cigarette smoke, welding, and contaminated and! 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